MCHD Paramedic Podcast
MCHD Paramedic Podcast
About MCHD Paramedic Podcast
We recently made a significant vasopressor protocol change at MCHD, prioritizing norepinephrine in all shock situations except anaphylaxis and bradycardia. The evidence supporting norepinephrine in septic and even cariogenic shock is relatively solid. However, recent data has emerged suggesting norepinephrine may be safer in post-ROSC shock as well. REFERENCES 1. Bougouin W, Slimani K, Renaudier M, et al; Sudden Death Expertise Center Investigators. Epinephrine versus norepinephrine in cardiac arrest patients with post-resuscitation shock. Intensive Care Med. 2022 Mar;48(3):300-310. 2. Wender ER, Counts CR, Van Dyke M, et al. Prehospital Administration of Norepinephrine and Epinephrine for Shock after Resuscitation from Cardiac Arrest. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2023 Sep 14:1-6.
The podcast crew dives deep into one of the early "STEMI equivalent" ECG patterns: ST elevation in aVR with diffuse ST depression. What does the evidence say about this pattern? Is there a FOAM lesson to be learned? How should we incorporate this ECG into our practice? REFERENCES 1. Harhash AA, Huang JJ, Reddy S, Natarajan B, Balakrishnan M, Shetty R, Hutchinson MD, Kern KB. aVR ST Segment Elevation: Acute STEMI or Not? Incidence of an Acute Coronary Occlusion. Am J Med. 2019 May;132(5):622-630. 2. https://www.mchd-tx.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/10/ST-elevation-AVR-ECGs-DeIDd.pdf
Dr. Dickson leads the discussion with recent cases involving the PECARN pediatric head injury decision rule and some super sneaky toxicology. There is some high-level detective work happening during this episode. Listen so you don't miss vital clues in your clinical practice. REFERENCES 1. Kuppermann N, Holmes JF, Dayan PS, et al; Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN). Identification of children at very low risk of clinically-important brain injuries after head trauma: a prospective cohort study. Lancet. 2009 Oct 3;374(9696):1160-70. 2. https://www.mchd-tx.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/09/Sodium-Channel-Blocker-Before-1.pdf 3. https://www.mchd-tx.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/09/Sodium-Channel-Blocker-After-2.pdf
The podcast crew is joined by MCHD In-Charge Paramedics, Ben Breaux, and Jesus Contreras to discuss a critical case that demonstrates why continuing education and intentional mental reps are vital in emergency care. We've discussed the "how-to" when approaching the crashing tracheostomy patient. Let's add an actual MCHD case and a little review on top of that previous foundation. REFERENCES 1.https://www.tracheostomy.org.uk/storage/files/NTSP_GREEN_Tracheostomy_Algorithm.pdf
There is nothing more stressful than seeing EMS peri-arrest progress to pulseless. CARES data suggest that cardiac arrest during transport is not an uncommon event. Additionally, there is new evidence that these patients may not be as difficult to recognize as we might've thought. Join the podcast crew as we introduce the MCHD "MOVES" algorithm for a proactive approach to providing a safety net before transporting our critical patients. REFERENCES 1. Clemency BM, Murk W, Moore A, Brown LH. The EMS Modified Early Warning Score (EMEWS): A Simple Count of Vital Signs as a Predictor of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrests. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2022 May-Jun;26(3):391-399. 2. Burnett SJ, Innes JC, Varughese R, Frazer E, Clemency BM. A Qualitative Analysis of the Experiences of EMS Clinicians in Recognizing and Treating Witnessed Cardiac Arrests. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2022 Sep 28:1-9.
Sometimes it's easy on the individual level to miss the positive drift within EMS as systems of care evolve and change toward positive innovation. Dr. Patrick hits the hot seat on this episode to discuss two recent cases where some of MCHD's favorite initiatives come together to improve patient outcomes and diagnostic recognition. REFERENCES: 1. Dickson RL, Crowe RP, Patrick C, Crocker K, Aiken M, Adams A, Gleisberg GR, Nichols T, Mason C, Panchal AR. Performance of the RACE Score for the Prehospital Identification of Large Vessel Occlusion Stroke in a Suburban/Rural EMS Service. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2019 Sep-Oct;23(5):612-618. 2. Patrick C, Crowe RP, Ward B, Mohammed A, Keene KR, Dickson R. Feasibility of prehospital esmolol for refractory ventricular fibrillation. J Am Coll Emerg Physicians Open. 2022 Apr 9;3(2):e12700.
Join the podcast crew as they discuss one of the more sticky situations in all of emergency care: stable vs. unstable narrow complex tachycardia. 1. How do we even define unstable? 2. Is it cardiac versus an underlying illness? 3. How do we approach undifferentiated rapid atrial tachycardia in the ED setting?
The concept of emphasizing, discussing, and training on giving prehospital death notification is, unfortunately for medics and our patient's families, a relatively new concept. Additionally, newer evidence shows that an increased frequency of fatality exposure increases EMS burnout rates. So...everyone wins by an increased focus on improving our skills and comfort with telling families that their loved ones have died. We were initially leery of doing an episode on death notification as The Medic Mindset podcast recently hit a home run on this topic recently. But, after educating over 500 EMS professionals, Dr. Dickson and I learned some valuable lessons from our crews that we felt were worth sharing. Enjoy! REFERENCES 1. https://medicmindset.com/2023/01/09/death-notification-choreography/ 2. Hobgood C, Mathew D, Woodyard DJ, et al. Death in the field: teaching paramedics to deliver effective death notifications using the educational intervention "GRIEV_ING". Prehosp Emerg Care. 2013 Oct-Dec;17(4):501-10. 3. Campos A, Ernest EV, Cash RE, et al. The Association of Death Notification and Related Training with Burnout among Emergency Medical Services Professionals. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2021 Jul-Aug;25(4):539-548. 4. Toy J. Family-Witnessed Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation during Emergency Department Cardiac Arrest Care: A Resident Perspective. Ann Emerg Med. 2023 Feb 23:S0196-0644(23)00041-0.
The Podcast Crew is joined by Spokane Valley Fire Paramedic Noah Martinez to discuss a recent patient that he delivered to Dr. Patrick. After you hear what Noah found on the scene, this story will likely not end exactly how you expect. Learn some foundational hypothermia management pearls AND why early emergency neuro-prognostication can be exceedingly difficult.
Chemical sedation is one of the riskiest decisions made in EMS clinical care, period. We've been working overtime at MCHD over the past couple of years to decrease the risk and improve our safety profile for the entire clinical package when we sedate patients for severe agitation in Montgomery County. Join us to learn about the MCHD SNORES safety bundle based on the 5 P's and how you can easily implement this into your service. • Partnerships • Preparation • Pharmacology • Positioning • Possibilities REFERENCES 1. Nørskov AK, Rosenstock CV, Wetterslev J, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of anaesthesiologists' prediction of difficult airway management in daily clinical practice: a cohort study of 188 064 patients registered in the Danish Anaesthesia Database. Anaesthesia. 2015 Mar;70(3):272-81.
Join us as Dr. Dickson brings a couple of extremely difficult recent emergency department cases to take a hard look in his own clinical mirror. These will highlight the difficult and often dynamic nature of assessing airway patency and protection in real time. Speaking of dynamic, vascular emergencies like stroke and STEMI often progress unexpectedly. REFERENCES 1. Nørskov AK, Rosenstock CV, Wetterslev J, Astrup G, Afshari A, Lundstrøm LH. Diagnostic accuracy of anaesthesiologists' prediction of difficult airway management in daily clinical practice: a cohort study of 188 064 patients registered in the Danish Anaesthesia Database. Anaesthesia. 2015 Mar;70(3):272-81.
MCHD paramedic, Lily Trosclair, joins the podcast to discuss some in-depth hyperkalemia treatment details, including BRASH syndrome. We'll also pivot to the dangers of giving amiodarone to a hyperkalemic patient that's mistaken for ventricular tachycardia. REFERENCES 1. https://emcrit.org/pulmcrit/brash-syndrome-bradycardia-renal-failure-av-blocker-shock-hyperkalemia/ 2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UXh8PS9dtmo&t=2s 3. McArthur R, Rafique Z, Ward B, Rodriguez L, Dickson R, Patrick C. Treatment of Presumed Hyperkalemia in the Prehospital Setting. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2022 Oct;37(5):693-697.
This may seem like a curveball-type episode upon your initial listen, but this topic should be core material for all emergency medical clinicians. Too much time and emphasis within paramedic education are placed on rare presentations. Dr. Dickson and Dr. Patrick expand on a recent medical podcast/article (see links below), stressing the need to embrace learning and teaching the most common conditions we care for. REFERENCES 1. https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/episode-19-juan-lessing-and-read-pierce-teaching-more/id1603333202?i=1000560289032 2. https://www.amjmed.com/article/S0002-9343(22)00134-6/fulltext
The podcast crew is joined, live at Texas EMS 2022, by Dr. Gerad Troutman to discuss the world of alternate destination EMS transports, EMS-facilitated telehealth, nurse navigation, and "hospital at home." Dr. Troutman leads the ET3 initiative and is the National Medical Director for Innovative Practice at GMR, so this episode is full of successes, road bumps, and shared experiences with the implementation and execution of each of these leading-edge concepts within prehospital care.
MCHD medics Kelcie Adams and Rich Serra join the podcast to discuss a critically ill trauma patient they delivered to Dr. Patrick in the emergency department. Our default is so often airway, airway, airway first, but prioritizing circulation first was likely life-saving. This is an excellent "Monday Morning Quarterback" case to look back on and dissect with tons of educational pearls.
Special guest alert!! We're lucky to have superstar Aussie medic and University of Melbourne Ph.D. candidate Matt Wilkison-Stokes, on this episode to discuss his recent paper looking at the risk of hypotension with nitroglycerin administration in acute MI. Where is NTG really more likely to cause hypotension in AMI? When is it safest? How often do isolated RVMI's occur, and what are the correct diagnostic criteria? Dr. Patrick changed his practice based on Matt's work and knowledge. See if you might do the same. REFERENCES 1. Wilkinson-Stokes M, Betson J, Sawyer S. Adverse events from nitrate administration during right ventricular myocardial infarction: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Emerg Med J. 2022 Sep 30:emermed-2021-212294. 2. Ferguson JJ, Diver DJ, Boldt M, et al. Significance of nitroglycerin-induced hypotension with inferior wall acute myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol 1989;64:311–4. 3. email@example.com
We have MCHD Cpt. Megan Powell to thank for this episode as she posed an excellent question about where and how to look for trusted educational information as a practicing paramedic interested in continuing clinical growth and progression. With the amazing and immense amount of free online textbook, blog, and podcast resources available, trying to keep up can be totally daunting. Join Megan and the podcast crew as they discuss tips and strategies to manage the waterfall of open-access EMS education that exists today.
Join this discussion of some of the recent literature surrounding EMS care of traumatic brain injury with Dr. Al Lulla. This is the perfect confluence of advancing evidence, relatively straightforward interventions, and a patient population where we can definitely improve prehospital outcomes. See where the literature, education, and protocol implementation can meet to improve TBI outcomes in your EMS service. REFERENCES 1. Spaite DW, Hu C, Bobrow BJ, et al. Optimal Out-of-Hospital Blood Pressure in Major Traumatic Brain Injury: A Challenge to the Current Understanding of Hypotension. Ann Emerg Med. 2022 Jul;80(1):46-59. 2. Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Keim SM, et al. Association of Statewide Implementation of the Prehospital Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment Guidelines With Patient Survival Following Traumatic Brain Injury: The Excellence in Prehospital Injury Care (EPIC) Study. JAMA Surg. 2019 Jul 1;154(7):e191152.
When it comes to exciting educational topics in EMS, oftentimes, the endocrine system, specifically the adrenal glands, can be left off the list. Dr. Patrick is joined by one of our local emergency/trauma nurses, Melanie Gander, to discuss her journey as a parent of a child with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. We'll review basic adrenal physiology and discuss the caveats on how to recognize and treat adrenal crises in the field. REFERENCES 1. https://united4rare.org/ 2. https://caresfoundation.org/ 3. https://www.magicfoundation.org/Growth-Disorders/Congenital-Adrenal-Hyperplasia/